The term sustainable development came into use after the publication of the Brundtland Commission's report “Our Common Future” in 1987. Officially named the World Commission on Environment and Development, this panel of experts from different countries was chaired by G. H. Brundtland, and had been given the task in 1983 by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly of defining a new type of global development that reconciled environment and development in both the north and the south. Its famous report paved the way for the major UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992), also referred to as the Earth Summit. The Rio Conference was convened 20 years after the UN Conference on the Human Environment (UNCHE, in ...

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