Bosnia and Herzegovina

ONE OF THE former constituent states of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a land area of 19,767 sq. mi. (51,197 sq. km.), with a population of 3,925,000 (2007 est.), and a population density of 230 people per sq. mi. (76 people per sq. km.). Fourteen percent of the country is arable land, 20 percent is used for meadows and pasture, and 39 percent of the land is forested with mainly pine, beech, and oak trees.

One of the least developed countries in Europe, Bosnia-Herzegovina has one of the lowest rates of carbon dioxide emissions: only 1.2 metric tons per capita in 1992. However, in 1997 the per capita rate rose dramatically to 3.6 metric tons, and then 4.6 metric tons by 1998. Most ...

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