THIS LAND-LOCKED SOUTH American republic has a land area of 424,163 sq. mi. (1,098,581 sq. km.), with a population of 9,119,152 (2007 est.), and a population density of 21.8 people per sq. mi. (8.4 people per sq. km.). Only 2 percent of the land in the country is arable, with 24 percent used for meadow or pasture, and 53 percent is forested. Largely underdeveloped, Bolivia had a per capita carbon dioxide emission rate of 0.8 metric tons per person in 1990, rising to 1.3 metric tons per person in 1997–99, and then falling to 0.90 tons by 2003. Most of the emissions come from transportation (39 percent), with manufacturing and construction accounting for 20 percent, and public electricity, heat production, and auto producers accounting ...

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