Western Boundary Currents

WESTERN BOUNDARY CURRENTS are intense jet currents at the western periphery of large-scale oceanic gyres in the World Ocean. As was shown in the pioneer paper of Henry Stommel in 1948, they are the result of two causes: the so-called β-effect (this term has arisen from traditional representation of Corio-lis force, f, in the following form: f = f0 + βy, where f0 is a Coriolis parameter at a definite latitude; in other words, the β-effect is to the result of the spherical form of the Earth turning around its axis), and low conservation of absolute vortex for the oceanic motions.

Oceanic gyres are forced by horizontally inhomo-geneous large-scale wind fields (or wind vorticity). For instance, in the North Atlantic Ocean, anticy-clonic subtropical gyre is situated ...

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