BELIZE IS A small country in Central America south of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and east of Guatemala. Its eastern coast faces the Caribbean Sea. Belize is known as a small island developing state because of its low-lying seashore, coastal communities, and open and vulnerable economy. Small island developing states are considered extremely susceptible to the effects of climate change, including rising sea levels.

The small, open economy of Belize has historically been dependent on a narrow range of agricultural exports. Furthermore, it depends on foreign imports for most basic goods, and it relies heavily on a growing tourism sector for foreign exchange earnings to meet its import demand. These economic factors, along with its physiogeographic features, tropical environment, and coastal population centers increase the vulnerability of ...

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