UGANDA IS SITUATED in the interlacustrine highlands of central Africa; these highlands are generally characterized by a high plateau that is associated with the Great Rift Valley that dominates Uganda. The plateau generally lies between 3,280 to 6,562 ft. (1,000–2,000 m.). One characteristic feature of the Great Rift Valley is the development of numerous lakes; these include Tanganyika and Kivu, while in the Albertine Rift region in the north, the lakes include George, Edward, and Albert. Uplift along the shoulders of the Western Rift Valley resulted in the reversal of the previously west-flowing rivers and the creation of the basin now occupied by Lake Victoria. The Nile River, which forms the eastern boundary of the interlacustrine highlands, is the major outlet of Lake Victoria, flowing ...

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