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LOCATED IN THE South Pacific, the Kingdom of Tonga has a land area of 289 sq. mi. (748 sq. km.), with a population of 100,000 (2006 est.) and a population density of 396 people per sq. mi. (153 people per sq. km.). The country consists of 169 islands, but only 36 of these are permanently inhabited. With 24 percent of the country listed as arable, some 6 percent is used for meadows and pasture, with 12 percent of the country being forested; Tonga has a very restricted timber industry program.

Tonga also has a low per capita rate of carbon dioxide emissions, with 0.8 metric tons per person in 1990, rising to 1.12 metric tons by 2003, ranking Tonga 136th in the world in terms of ...

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