THIS WEST AFRICAN country, officially the Togolese Republic, is located between Ghana and Benin, with a northern border with Burkina Faso. It has a land area of 21,925 sq. mi. (56,790 sq. km.), with a population of 6,585,000 (2006 est.) and a population density of 280 people per sq. mi. (108 people per sq. km.). Some 38 percent of the country is arable, with a further 4 percent used for meadows and pasture and another 28 percent of the land forested.

For the electricity production in Togo, 97.9 percent comes from fossil fuels, with 2.1 percent coming from hydropower. These generate 102 million kilowatt-hours (kWh; in 2001), with 520 kWh, largely drawn from hydropower, more imported from Ghana. Although before World War I the Germans tried ...

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