LOCATED IN THE Middle East, the Syrian Arab Republic has a land area of 71,479 sq. mi. (185,180 sq. km.), with a population of 19,929,000 (2006 est.) and a population density of 267 people per sq. mi. (103 people per sq. km.). Some 28 percent of Syria is arable land, with a further 43 percent used as meadows or pasture, much of it for low-intensity grazing of sheep. Only a very small part of the country is woodland.

In terms of its per capita carbon dioxide emissions, Syria ranks 93rd in the world, with emissions of 2.8 metric tons per person in 1990, gradually falling to 2.7 metric tons per person by 2003, after which emissions experienced a significant rise to 3.72 metric tons per person ...

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