LOCATED IN NORTHEAST Africa—the “Horn” of Africa—Somalia has a land area of 246,201 sq. mi. (637,657 sq. km.), with a population of 8,699,000 (2006 est.) and a population density of 34 people per sq. mi. (13 people per sq. km.). About 80 percent of the population is dependent on agriculture, though only 2 percent of the land is arable, with a further 69 percent used for meadows or pasture, mainly low-intensity grazing of cattle, goats, and pigs. Some 14 percent of the land is forested.

Because the country is underdeveloped, it has a very low level of electricity usage, with the carbon dioxide emissions per capita being the lowest of any country in the world, even though accurate statistics have not been available for the last ...

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