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SITUATED IN BOTH Europe and Asia, the Russian Federation has a land area of 6,592,800 sq. mi. (17,075,400 sq. km.), with a population of 142,499,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 21.8 people per sq. mi. (8.3 people per sq. km.). Moscow, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 10,654,000, with a density of 25,022 per sq. mi. (9,644 per sq. km.). The second largest city, Saint Petersburg, has a population of 3,990,267.

In spite of the vast size of Russia, some 8 percent of the land is arable, with a further 4 percent assigned as meadows and pasture, and 46 percent of the country is forested, including vast expanses of the Siberian tundra. The per capita rate of greenhouse gas emissions ...

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