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LOCATED IN EASTERN Europe, Romania has a land area of 92,043 sq. mi. (238,392 sq. km.), with a population of 21,438,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 236 people per sq. mi. (93 people per sq. km.). Some 41 percent of the land of Romania is arable, with a further 21 percent used for meadows and pasture, and 28 percent is forested. For the generation of electricity in the country, 53 percent comes from fossil fuels, with 37 percent from hydropower, and 10 percent from nuclear power, with a small amount of electricity exported, and an even smaller part imported. The heavy use of hydropower has resulted in Romania having one of the lowest per capita rates of carbon dioxide emissions: 6.7 metric tons ...

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