LOCATED IN THE Persian Gulf, the State of Qatar has a land area of 4,416 sq. mi. (11,437 sq. km.), with a population of 841,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 192 people per sq. mi. (74 people per sq. km.). With massive prosperity from the petroleum industry and from the production of natural gas, some 90 percent of Qatar's population lives in urban areas. Only one percent of the country is arable, with a further five percent used for meadows and pasture, with the country having no forests or woodland.

Qatar has the highest rate of carbon dioxide emissions per capita, and one of the highest in the world as far back as 1950. In 1990, it was measured at 22.5 metric tons per ...

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