LOCATED IN NORTHWEST Africa, the Kingdom of Morocco covers an area of 172,414 sq. mi. (446,550 sq. km.), with a population of 31,224,000, 49 percent of which lives in urban areas. The country has a population density of 181 people per sq. mi. (69.8 people per sq. km.), although few people live in the Western Sahara region.

Twenty-one percent of the land in Morocco is arable, with another 47 percent used for meadows and pasture. The agricultural sector, including fishing, accounts for nearly a third of all export earnings; main crops include wheat and fruit, especially oranges. With 91.3 percent of Moroccos electricity production coming from fossil fuels, and only 8.7 percent from hydropower, and increased industrialization in the country, the per capita rate of ...

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