THE MOST RECENT effect of climate change and global warming in Madagascar has been an increase in El Nino effects, which are associated with drought conditions and increased wildfires. In addition, there has been an increase in the intensity and number of cyclones, which displaces human communities and leads to local famine and cholera outbreaks. Madagascar's western coast, mangrove forests are particularly susceptible to any increase in sea levels. Although warmer ocean temperatures caused by global climate change have been recorded in northern Madagascar, the effects of this change on the coral reefs in the region have been mitigated, at least temporarily, by cooler water from deep ocean currents. Madagascar's unique flora and fauna are also susceptible to climate change. For example, reduced rainfall ...

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