THE NORTHERNMOST OF the Central American republics, Guatemala has a land area of 42,042 sq. mi. (108.890 sq. km.), with a population of 12,728,111 (2007 est.), and a population density of 348.6 people per sq. mi. (134.6 people per sq. km.). Some 12 percent of the country's land area is arable, with another 24 percent used for meadows and pasture, and 35 percent is covered with forests. The mainstay of the economy is coffee, the largest cash crop in the country.

Underdeveloped, Guatemala has made only a small contribution to global warming and climate change. It has an extensive public transportation system, mainly using former U.S. school buses. Guatemala has one of the lower rates of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in the world, with 0.6 ...

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