LOCATED IN WEST Africa, Ghana was formerly the British colony of the Gold Coast, and has a land area of 92,098 sq. mi. (238,534 sq. km.), with a population of 23 million (2005 est.), and a population density of 215 people per sq. mi. (93 people per sq. km.). The country's economy has an extensive agricultural base, with 12 percent of the land arable, and a further 22 percent used for meadows and pasture, mainly cattle, but also sheep and goats. The cattle are responsible for some of the methane emissions. Forests cover 35 percent of the country, and the timber industry is regulated.

Ghana has had a relatively low per capita carbon dioxide emission rate, with 0.2 metric tons per person in 1990, rising to ...

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