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THIS WEST AFRICAN country, astride the Gambia River, is entirely surrounded, on land, by Senegal, and has a land area of 4,007 sq. mi. (10,380 sq. km.), with a population of 1,517,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 397.6 people per sq. mi. (153.5 people per sq. km.). Some 18 percent of the land is arable, with a further 9 percent used for meadows and pasture, mainly for cattle. In addition, 28 percent of the country is forested.

The electricity production in Gambia is entirely from fossil fuels. Its main power station had the only significant failure from the Year-2000 (Y2K) computer software problem, which has since been resolved. The country has had a steady carbon dioxide emission rate per capita, at 0.2 metric tons ...

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