FOOD PRODUCTION IS the growing ofplant crops and animals for human consumption. It is one of the most vital activities engaged in, with food and water central to the continuation of human life. Climate change threatens to change age-old patterns of agriculture at a moment in history when there are more people alive on the planet than ever before, and may lead to a long period of global food insecurity.

Food takes many different forms, but a general description is: anything that can be metabolized by a living organism to create energy or build tissue. For humans, this means matter comprised of some combination of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids (fats), or water. Food is often grouped into the broad categories: grains, fruits, vegetables, meats, fish, legumes, and ...

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