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A NUMBER OF islands in the Pacific, Fiji has a land area of 7,056 sq. mi. (18,274 sq. km.), with a population of 853,445 (2006 est., and a population density of 119 people per sq. mi. (46 people per sq. km.). Some 10 percent of the country's land is arable, with another 10 percent used for pasture, mainly of cattle and goats. About 65 percent of the land is forested, with a significant timber industry, leading to rapid deforestation. Fiji has a relatively low per capita rate of carbon dioxide emissions, at 1.1 metric tons per person in 1990, and remaining relatively stable, rising slowly to 1.3 metric tons in 2003. Although there is extensive use of electricity throughout the country, 82 percent come from ...

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