THE NORTHERNMOST OF the three Baltic States, the definition usually excluding Finland, Estonia has a land area of 17,413 sq. mi. (45,226 sq. km.), with a population of 1,342,409 (2007 est.), and a population density of 75 people per sq. mi. (29 people per sq. km.). With 25 percent of the country arable land, 11 percent is used for meadows and pasture, 44 percent of the country remains forested.

With a high standard of living, and located in northern Europe, the energy usage in the country is high, with 7.9 billion kWh (2001) produced each year, and some 1.2 billion kWh exported. Only 0.1 percent of this comes from hydropower, with 99.7 percent from fossil fuels. This has resulted in Estonia having the 10th highest per ...

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