FORMERLY THE WESTERN part of Czechoslovakia, in Central Europe, the Czech Republic has a land area of 30,450 sq. mi. (78,866 sq. km.), with a population of 10,306,709 (2006 est.), and a population density of 337 people per sq. mi. (130 people per sq. km.). Approximately 41 percent of the land is used for arable purposes, 11 percent for meadows and pasture, and 34 percent is forested. In 1992, the Czech Republic recorded per capita carbon dioxide emissions of 13.1 metric tons per person, which had fallen to 11.4 metric tons per person by 2003. Some 67 percent of the carbon dioxide emission comes from solid fuels, with coal providing much of the electricity production in the country.

About 77.8 percent of the electricity comes from ...

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