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COLOMBIA, LOCATED IN the northwest of South America, is a highly-diverse country in terms of environment and climate. Colombia is dominated by the Andes, where the tropical diurnal climate is characterized by small differences in monthly temperature (less than 3 degrees C), although daily fluctuations maybe large (up to 20 degrees C), especially during dry seasons. Three Cordilleras of the northern Andes are described by approximately 22,966 ft. (7,000 m.) of altitudinal change; this altitudinal rise equates to a temperature change of nearly 30 degrees C, and results in a significant change in vegetation recorded over a relatively small area. For example, there are transitions from cool high-altitude grasslands, to temperate forests at mid-altitudes, and some of the most diverse tropical rainforests in the world ...

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