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Retirement Systems

  • By: Estelle James
  • In: Encyclopedia of Global Studies
  • Edited by: Helmut K. Anheier & Mark Juergensmeyer
  • Subject:Globalization, Social Policy (general), Cultural Geography

Issues of retirement and old age affect societies globally. In pre-industrialized societies, expected lifetimes were much shorter than they are today, and the elderly lived in multigenerational families with their children and grandchildren. There was no need for separate old age ...

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