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The word Bible (derived from the Greek ta biblia, “the books”) describes a series of writings used in different forms and revered as sacred texts by Christians and Jews. These writings are usually collected and bound in a single volume titled “The Bible” or “Holy Bible” and as such are usually considered authoritative in some sense and used in religious ritual and practices in Christianity and Judaism. The word Bible is most commonly used to characterize a collection of 66 books, the first 39 of which (in the Christian numbering) are also the full extent of the Jewish scriptural canon, that is, the Hebrew Bible (HB) or Old Testament (OT), and the latter 27 of which constitute uniquely Christian writings, that is, the New Testament ...

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