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One of the oldest revealed religions (if not the oldest), Zoroastrianism developed in ancient Persia and played a role in the evolution of the Judaic, Christian, and Islamic belief systems. Heavily dualistic in its beliefs, the community that was for so long based in the lands of modern-day Iran has been greatly diminished and dislocated; at the beginning of the 21st century, the largest group of believers, known as Parsis (Parsees), reside in India. This entry will outline the basic tenets of the Zoroastrian faith, give a short history of the tradition, and attempt to show some ways in which scholars have envisioned Zoroastrian influence on many major world religions.

Theology

Zoroaster is the Greek name for the prophet known as Zarathustra, the eponymous founder of the ...

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