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Yugoslavia refers to the former Pan-Slavic state that dominated the Slavic Balkans for most of the 20th century and was finally totally dissolved in 2002, when the only regions left in the Yugoslav federation, Montenegro and Serbia, renamed their federation as “Serbia and Montenegro.” Yugoslavia was conceived in 1918, after the end of World War I, as a proposed united kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (all unified under Slavic identity and culture). Slavic nationalism was strong in the late 19th century and enjoyed considerable Russian support for the ideal of a Pan-Slavic state. Yugoslavia was the closest manifestation of the Pan-Slavic ideal, but it always strained under the diversity of religion, ethnicity, and national identity within its borders. Croatia and Slovenia joined the union ...

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