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Yemen (al-yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is located on the Arabian Peninsula south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman, and its coastline borders the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea. It has a population of 22,858,238 (estimate as of July 2010), almost entirely Muslim. The capital of Yemen is Sana'a. Arabic is the primary language spoken in this country. Prior to Yemen's unification in 1990, it was divided into two states. In 1918, Northern Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire and was eventually known as the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR). Southern Yemen was colonized by the British from 1839 to 1967. After the British withdrew, southern Yemen declared its capital to be Aden, and this state became known as the ...

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