Belgrade is one of the oldest continually settled cities in Europe. It is also the capital of the Republic of Serbia and its largest city. In ancient times, Belgrade was known as Singidunum, and it was an important political, economic, and religious center of the northeastern part of the Roman Empire. A religious relic that remains from the Roman period is Mithra's holy shrine.

Around 630, the Serbian (Slavic) settlers came to this area. After this, there are no records about this town for more than two and a half centuries. The town was mentioned again only in the ninth century, under the Slavic name Beograd (“White Town”—probably because of the walls made of white limestone).

In 1403, Belgrade obtained the status of capital. This event is ...

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