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Vodou is Haiti's national religion and incorporates elements from traditional African religion with Christian images and practices. The term voodoo is a creation of the European American imaginary and should be rejected as it has been misconstrued to designate irrational, baseless, and unfounded myths about Vodou practices. Other spellings used over the years included the French traditional spelling Vaudou, and also Vodun or Vodoun, and even the Spanish Vodu.

In 2010, about 70% of Haitians are still officially Roman Catholics, whereas another 30% (some would say more) are Protestants, belonging to Baptist, Adventist, or (increasingly) Pentecostal denominations or other less mainstream churches. Despite these formal religious affiliations, the commonly held view is that most Haitians are Vodouizan (Vodouists) to one degree or another; some even go ...

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