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Uruguay is located in South America between Argentina and Brazil. Its official name is Oriental Republic of Uruguay, and its inhabitants are also referred to as “Orientals.” Uruguayan society resulted from the confluence of several cultures and ethnicities. The presence of pirates, corsairs, and illegal traders from Holland, France, and England was related to their interest in cattle for the production of leather. Along with some Iberians, they joined the native peoples and thus originated a unique culturally and racially metizo population, the Gauchos. Their religiosity was tenuous, although some sectors were influenced by the Jesuit and Franciscan missions of the 18th century. A slave market operated in Montevideo, and a fraction of the national population was brought from Africa during the initial years of ...

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