For over a millennium, Ukraine, Europe's second largest country, has seen a variety of religious and political entities representing various cultures and social systems. It has been a crossroads of religious traditions and denominations.

Out of a shrinking population of some 46 million, Ukraine's religious believers constitute about 32 million. Around 25–30 million of these are Christians. Over half of the Christians are Orthodox, divided among the Ukrainian Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate, and the smaller Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. The rest include 4–5 million Greek Catholics, 1 or 2 million Protestants, less than a million Roman Catholics, and several million unchurched Christian believers. Jews, Muslims, and others number less than a million each. Religious belief ...

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