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Tylor, Edward Burnett (1832–1917)

Edward Burnett Tylor was a 19th-century English anthropologist whose evolutionary theories of religion and culture greatly influenced subsequent generations of anthropologists and scholars of religion. He held the first chair of anthropology at Oxford University and published a number of widely praised works, including Primitive Culture (in two volumes, 1871) and Anthropology (1881), the first major textbook in the field.

E. B. Tylor was born to Quaker parents in Camberwell, London, on October 2, 1832. At the time, Quakers were barred from entering university. Thus, on completion of his secondary studies at Grove House School in Tottenham, it was expected that Tylor would help manage the family-owned brass works factory. In 1855, ill health forced Tylor to seek the warmer climates of Mexico and Central America, ...

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