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TuTu, Bishop Desmond (b. 1931)

Bishop Desmond Tutu garnered world renown during the 1980s for his work as a South African Anglican priest actively opposing apartheid, South Africa's national system of racism and racial separation instituted in 1948. For his work, Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984. He gained further international recognition as chair of South Africa's postapartheid Truth and Reconciliation Commission. As a priest, Tutu has focused on advocating against racism, sexism, poverty, violence, and, recently, homophobia.

Tutu was born Desmond Mpilo Tutu in Klerksdorp, a city in the northern South African province of Transvaal. His parents were Zachariah Zelilo Tutu, a Xhosa who worked as a primary school teacher, and Aletta Dorothea Mavoertsek Mathlare, a Motswana. Desmond began his career as a teacher, following his father's ...

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