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A German-born Protestant theologian whose most influential work was produced in the United States, Paul Johannes Tillich is one of the most important Christian thinkers of the 20th century. The son of a Lutheran pastor, he was born in Starzeddel, Prussia, and studied at the universities of Berlin, Tübingen, Halle, and Breslau. Also ordained a Lutheran pastor, he served as an army chaplain during World War I, and his experiences in the army reshaped his culturally and politically conservative mind into that of a religious socialist. From 1919, he taught at the universities of Berlin, Marburg, Dresden, Leipzig, and Frankfurt. In 1933, his employment was terminated because of his attack on Nazi ideology in his book The Socialist Decision. He fled to the United ...

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