Thailand is a Southeast Asian nation of 63 million people, which shares its borders with the countries of Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand has been a part of transnational religious processes for centuries, including the traditions of Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. With more than 92% of its population Theravada Buddhist, Thailand retains the highest population of Theravada Buddhists in the world and is the third most populated Buddhist country in the world, behind China and Japan. This entry will briefly cover the development of Thailand's modern nation-state, the growth of religious traditions in Thailand, and some changes to Thailand's religious landscape in contemporary times.

Thailand's population reflects its legacy of shared borders and international trade routes with various countries for ...

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