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Tagore, Rabindranath (1861–1941)

Born in Calcutta (now Kolkata) into a wealthy, prominent, and large Bengali family, Rabindranath Tagore became one of India's greatest modern intellectual figures and the first Indian writer to attain global fame. His father, Debendranath, played an influential role in Bengali society as leader of an important modern Hindu reform movement, the Brahmo Samaj (“Society of God”); thus, the environment in which Rabindranath grew up not only was steeped in the richness of Hindu traditions but also was one on the cutting edge of India's engagement with modernity.

Sent to study law in England, Tagore returned prematurely to India and pursued writing instead; he went on to become an accomplished and profoundly influential poet, novelist, playwright, songwriter, and painter. His ideas sparked, among other things, a ...

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