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Located south of India along the maritime routes in the Indian Ocean, the island nation of Sri Lanka has had a long involvement with global movements of religious and cultural forms. Sri Lanka is a multireligious country with a population that is slightly more than two thirds Buddhist, with the remaining third divided roughly equally between Hindus, Muslims, and Christians. The country has been influential in the historical development of Theravada Buddhism and has maintained ties with Buddhists in other countries, particularly in peninsular Southeast Asia. Sri Lanka has also had a long history of contact with Europeans, most notably the successive colonial rules of the Portuguese, Dutch, and British between 1506 and 1948. As a result of these encounters, various Christian missions were sent ...

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