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The Republic of Somaliland is an unrecognized de facto state on the Horn of Africa on the coast of the Gulf of Aden adjacent to Somalia and Ethiopia. Somaliland declared independence from Somalia on May 18, 1991, following the outbreak of the Somali civil war but is internationally considered to be an autonomous region of Somalia and is not diplomatically recognized by any foreign state. The society of Somaliland is clan based, and clan structure has a powerful effect on politics and social interaction. The population of Somaliland is almost exclusively Muslim, primarily Sunnī and Sufi, and Islam is the official state religion. Islam is an important element of Somalilander identity, and there is a high rate of adherence to the religion. Somaliland, like Somalia ...

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