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The westernmost country in Africa, situated on the Atlantic coast south of Mauritania, Senegal has contained a majority Muslim population since the 10th century. Approximately 94% of the populace are practitioners of Islam, with around 4% of the population reporting as Catholic or Protestant Christians. The remaining 2% or so of Senegalese practice some form of animism or traditional African religion. There is also a good deal of syncretism evident in both Islamic and Christian practices, and many ethnic groups engage in some form of ancestor worship.

Islam was introduced to Senegal by Arab and Berber traders in the 10th century who intermittently invaded the country looking for converts. The nation's colonial history began with the Portuguese, who set up a lucrative slave and gold trade ...

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