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One of the wealthiest of the Arab Gulf states, Bahrain harbors a majority Muslim population, half of whom were not born in country. Its name stemming from the Arabic word for sea, Bahr, Bahrain is an archipelago made of 30 small islands in addition to the largest eponymous island. While estimates vary, approximately 75% of the populace is Shi'a Muslim, making Bahrain one of the few Shi'a-majority countries, while another 15% are reported as practicing Sunnī Islam. The remaining 15%, composed mostly of non-natives, are a mix of Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh followers. Religious affiliation is one of the primary markers of identity for Bahrainians, and tensions between the majority Shi'ite and minority Sunnī population persist. Bahrain's government is a traditional monarchy ...

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