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According to the 2002 census, in the eastern European country of Romania the dominant Orthodox Church claims the allegiance of 86.7% of the country's total population of 21.7 million. Other large religious groups are the Roman Catholic Church (4.7%), the Reform Church (3.2%), and the Pentecostal Church (1.5%). The Greek Catholic Church United With Rome represents 1%, Jews 0.1%, Muslims 0.3%, and atheists another 0.1%. The Roman Catholic and Reform churches attract many of the ethnic Hungarians living in Transylvania. Like Poland, Romania is a religiously and ethnically homogeneous country and registers significantly higher levels of religiosity than other European countries. Unlike the predominantly Catholic Poland, Romania is predominantly Orthodox.

Historians have discovered proof of the existence of Christianity in Romanian lands beginning in the fourth ...

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