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The Babi movement arose in Iran in the 19th century out of Shi'a Islam. It caused a major upheaval in the country and was eventually suppressed. Out of it arose the Baha'i Faith. In 1844, the Bab put forward a religious claim. This claim was received enthusiastically, especially by members of the Shaykhi school of Shi'a Islam, whose founders had prepared their followers for just such an announcement. The Babi movement spread rapidly soon, attracting possibly as many as 100,000 people across Iran and Iraq. The Bab's teaching encountered great opposition, however, from Islamic religious leaders, who perceived it to be heretical and considered the Bab's anticlerical stance a challenge to their authority and wealth. During a turbulent period from 1848 to 1850, there were ...

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