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Systemic racism refers to the practice of unjustly bestowing enrichment and privileges on certain groups in society on the basis of their ethnicity or race while simultaneously discriminating against and belittling other groups. While racism need not be associated with religion, racist views are often a part of a broader cultural pattern that has religious dimensions.

Racism on both a personal and a societal level is found in many cultures and has been a feature of American society since its early years, when White people were regarded as the only legitimate citizens within society, to the exclusion of Native Americans and African Americans, the latter being brought to the United States as slaves.

The trajectory of racism in the United States has encompassed a broad range of ...

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