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The Ottoman Empire arose in the beginning of the 14th century and ended with the abolition of the Sultanate in 1922 by the founders of modern Turkey. The establishment of the Ottoman state coincided with the collapse of the Seljukid Empire around 1300 following the Mongolian invasion of Anatolia. The Ottoman state began as a frontier principality of the Turks of Anatolia and became an empire one and a half centuries later with the conquest of Constantinople by the armies of Sultan Mehmed II. The founders, Osman and his son Orhan, and the ruling elite of the state were Muslims, and the state adopted the Seljukid Islamic traditions and cultures in the beginning and used the services of the men of religion in the Seljukid ...

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