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With a population of 4.7 million, Norway has made the transition from an industrial society to an information and welfare society with an oil-based economy. The large majority of Norwegians continue to be members of the national Lutheran church, which has the King of Norway as its head, but there are trends toward more diversity in the religious landscape.

Since the 1970s, a growing number of Norwegians have moved away from the Church of Norway. From 1974 to 1999 membership went down from 93% to 87%, infant baptism from 96% to 79%, confirmation from 93% to 72%, and church weddings from 84% to 54%. Some have joined other churches, some remain outside any religious community, and others have joined the growing Norwegian Humanist Association (Human-Etisk Forbund), ...

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