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Nicaragua, located in Central America between Honduras and Costa Rica, has a Catholic majority, but its population also includes Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons, Jews, Buddhists, Muslims, and adherents of Myalism-Obeah. According to the 2005 census, in a population of 4,537,200 people, 58.5% are Catholic, 23.2% are Protestant, 2.5% profess other religions, and 15.7% declare none.

In 1523, the first of the Spanish conquistadors arrived, bringing the Roman Catholic apostolic religion to the animist aboriginals and building a church in 1524. In 1620, British explorers conquered the Caribbean coast and founded some Anglican missions; missionaries of the Moravian Church arrived in the Caribbean in 1849.

In 1881, the Nicaraguan president, Joaquín Zavala, expelled the Jesuit order under the suspicion of their provoking an aboriginal rebellion against the government. ...

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