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The Mughal Empire is among the most influential dynasties in South Asian history. Established in 1526 with the deposing of the Delhi sultanate, under the leadership of generations of charismatic, ambitious, and highly effective emperors, the Mughal Empire experienced nearly 200 years of stable rule over much of the Indian subcontinent. The empire also facilitated a cultural renascence that blended Islamic and Indic traditions. Today, the legacy of the Mughal era is found in various artistic, literary, and architectural wonders.

In 1526, Babur, a Central Asian general, after defeating Sultan Ibraham Lodi in the Battle of Panipat, established the Mughal Empire, which he led until his death in 1530. Humayun, Babur's eldest son, then ruled the dynasty from 1530 to 1556. His reign was marked by ...

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