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The Republic of Mozambique is located on the southeastern African coast along the Mozambique Channel and the Indian Ocean. Bordering five nations and across from the islands of Madagascar and Comoros, Mozambique spans a land mass of approximately 800,000 square kilometers and is prone to droughts, flooding, and storms. Mozambiqu e became an independent nation in 1975. The national language is Portuguese, a legacy of five centuries of colonial rule and trade relationships with Portugal. Portuguese migration to Mozambique led to Catholic mission stations being established, oppressive assimilado policies of citizenship afforded to “civilized” Africans who were literate and “acted Portuguese,” and backbreaking labor for many Africans forced to work in mining industries under colonial pressure. The indigenato system of racial preference aroused the ire ...

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