Mongol Empire

As the largest land empire in history, the Mongol Empire (1206–1260) embraced an immense diversity of cultures and religious traditions throughout Asia and Europe. The vast religious pluralism that characterized the Mongol Empire enriched the Mongolian indigenous culture and influenced the vocabulary of the Mongolian language. Genghis (also transliterated as Chinggis) Khan, the father of the Mongol Empire, and his successors believed that his ruling lineage was given sovereignty over the earth by the mandate of Eternal Heaven (Möngke Tenggri), which destines all things. He and his successors regularly worshipped Eternal Heaven and consulted it at times of need through their chief shamans. A tent for the chief shamans always stood in front of the khan's palace, while the tents of other shamans who performed ...

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